Session 3: Community Governance and Social Capital

Panel Discussion: Incentivizing Development: Preliminary findings from Follow-up Survey
Cinque Terre

Samia Liaquat Ali Khan

Senior Group Head - Graduation Group / Programme Director–National Poverty Graduation Programme at the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund [Session Chair]


Samia Liaquat Ali Khan has worked in the field of human rights and development for over 20 years, with experience in Pakistan and overseas, including 8 years at PPAF. She has successfully led regional and global development teams and implemented programmes that incorporated rights-based approaches to poverty reduction. Ms. Khan’s expertise also extends to programme design, monitoring and evaluation. has undertaken programme evaluations for Womankind Worldwide, Sightsavers and International Planned Parenthood Foundation (IPPF), among others. Publications include ‘Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: failing minorities and indigenous peoples’, MRG London, June 2010. She is currently leading the US$100 million National Poverty Graduation Programme at PPAF, with the aim of supporting the poorest households out of poverty. Ms. Khan’s educational background includes an MSc in Development Studies (University of London) as well as a Masters in Public Administration from Columbia University (New York).

Cinque Terre

Khawar Mumtaz

Chairperson, National Commission on the Status of Women


Khawar Mumtaz is currently the Chairperson of the NCSW. An active member of the women’s rights movement she worked with the leading women’s rights organization Shirkat Gah where she also became its CEO .Her experience includes university teaching and journalism. Mumtaz has a Master of Arts in International Relations and a diploma in French. Mumtaz’ expertise is in the fields of women and development, political participation, economic empowerment, environment and reproductive health and rights. She is the author of research reports and books and in1989 received the Prime Minister’s award for Women of Pakistan; Two Steps Forward One Step Back? A book she co-authored with Farida Shaheed. She is also the recipient of the civil award Sitara-e- Imtiaz for promoting women’s rights. She was one of the 1000 women world-wide nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.

Cinque Terre

Dr. Rashid Bajwa

Chairman, National Rural Support Programme


Dr. Rashid Bajwa is currently working as Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Support Program (NRSP). At NRSP, he has been overseeing the largest rural development operations of Pakistan. NRSP’s mandate is to alleviate poverty by harnessing people’s potential and undertake development activities in Pakistan. Dr. Rashid Bajwa is the Chief Executive officer of National Rural Support Program (NRSP). At NRSP oversees the largest rural development operations of Pakistan. NRSP’s mandate is to alleviate poverty by harnessing people’s potential and undertake development activities in Pakistan. He is also holding various honorary positions such as Chairman Policy Committee Pakistan Microfinance Network, Member State Bank of Pakistan’s committee of Rural Finance, Member of the General Body of the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund, and Sindh Rural Support Program.

Cinque Terre

Dr Imran Rasul


Professor of Economics at University College London, co-director of the Centre for the Microeconomic Analysis of Public Policy at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, and research co-director of the Entrepreneurship Research Group of the International Growth Centre


Dr. Rasul’s research interests include labor, development and public economics and his work has been published in leading journals such as the Journal of Political Economy, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Econometrica and the Review of Economic Studies. He is currently managing editor of the Journal of the European Economic Association, and he been a co-editor and director of the Review of Economic Studies (2009-17). He was awarded the 2007 IZA Young Economist Prize, the 2008 CESIfo Distinguished Affiliate Award, an ERC-starter grant in 2012, and a British Academy Mid-career Fellowship in 2018. In 2018 he was elected as a Council Member of the Royal Economic Society (RES) and as a Council Representative on the RES Executive Committee from 2018-2023. In 2019 he was jointly awarded the Yrjö Jahnsson Award in Economics (received jointly with Oriana Bandiera), awarded to a European economist no older than 45 years old who has made a contribution in theoretical and applied research that is significant to economics in Europe. In 2019 he was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy.

Session 3: Community Governance and Social Capital

Panel Discussion: Transforming social capital in the rural economy
Cinque Terre

Kamal Hyat – Session Chair

Board Member, Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund


Kamal Hyat became the first Chief Executive of the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) and he led the institution for over a decade, from March 1998 to December 2010. During this period the PPAF had the distinction of becoming the largest social fund of its kind in the world. It became the first port of call for International and bilateral donors and a flagship program of the Government of Pakistan. Prior to PPAF, Kamal Hyat held several senior executive positions in the corporate and financial sector. His first encounter with civil society organizations was in 1994 when the Government of Pakistan appointed him as a consultant to visit the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, and study the possibility of its replication in Pakistan. Then in 1995, as team leader for the evaluation of the Agha Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) in the Northern Areas, he had the opportunity to witness, at close hand, the amazing work of the communities working in this mountainous region. Very recently he has authored a book entitled “The Power of Partnerships”. This narrative covers the story of the PPAF. As opposed to traditional top-down approaches it describes an effective alternative route to combating poverty, and, at the same time preserves the institutional memory of the institution. On January 25, 2019, Kamal Hyat was elected as Board Member of the PPAF, for a period of three years.

Cinque Terre

Dr. Allah Nawaz Samoo

Chief Executive Officer, Thardeep Rural Development Program


Mr. Allah Nawaz Samoo is the Chief Executive Officer of Thardeep Rural Development Program (TRDP). He has experience of working in development with both public and private sectors for over 15 years. His key area of expertise includes building and managing public-private partnerships and implementing ‘community-driven-development’. His vast experience includes working on senior management positions with the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Government of Sindh and Federal Government. He worked as senior advisor in the technical assistance team of World Bank on the Thar Coal and Power Project. Mr. Samoo also remained part of senior management team of Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund. Mr. Samoo contributed to managing the transformation of TRDP from a relief and rehabilitation project to an integrated ‘Thardeep Rural Development Program'. His research studies have been published by renowned institutions including Oxford University Press."

Cinque Terre

Dr. Tariq Husain

Development Consultant


Tariq Husain has worked in the field of development for 38 years, including 28 years as a consultant, contributing to grass roots initiatives, governance, poverty reduction and development effectiveness. He has expertise in designing programmes, evaluating results and facilitating improvements in performance and results. His skills include cost-effective methods of inquiry (including social research, situation analysis, institutional assessment and evaluation), leadership of multi-disciplinary teams, project management, and communicating with diverse audiences, including villagers, development specialists, researchers, policy makers and international bodies. Mr. Husain is the author of 21 international publications and more than 30 media articles on national issues. He has served as a member of the Advisory Committee of the Federal Tax Ombudsman of Pakistan and the UNDP’s Gender Advisory Panel for Asia-Pacific.

Cinque Terre

Dr. Kate Vyborny

Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Economics, Duke University. Visiting faculty member, Lahore School of Economics and Lahore University of Management Sciences, Fellow CERP and the Consortium for Development Policy Research in Pakistan.


Kate Vyborny is Associate Director of the DevLab at Duke and Research Associate in the Department of Economics at Duke University. She completed her D.Phil. (Ph.D.) in the Department of Economics at the University of Oxford. She is also a visiting faculty member at the Lahore School of Economics and at the Lahore University of Management Sciences, and a Fellow of the Center for Economic Research in Pakistan and the Consortium for Development Policy Research in Pakistan. Previously, she worked on research and policy outreach on foreign aid, trade and development at the Center for Global Development and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC. She is a Principal Investigator of impact evaluations in Pakistan.